Link between hookah smoking and oral health problems (American Dental Association)
Research conducted by Rutgers University in New Jersey and published in The Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA) suggests hookah smoking is associated with serious oral conditions including gum diseases and cancer.
According to the American Dental Association summary, the authors conducted a literature review that focused on waterpipe smoking and head and neck conditions.
Water pipe smoking was found to be associated with gum diseases, dry socket, oral cancer and esophageal cancer among other conditions.
According to the World Health Organization, smoking a hookah is the equivalent of smoking 100 cigarettes, based on the duration and number of puffs in a smoking session.
Dentists have an important role in advising patients of the dangers of smoking. Go to MouthHealthy.org to lean about how smoking negatively affects oral health.